The Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik on November 21, 2019 dissolved the State Assembly with immediate effect after rival alliances staked claim to form the government.
The dissolution was announced through a statement that was published by Raj Bhavan. The Governor cited four main reasons for dissolving the Assembly with immediate effect, including:
i) The impossibility of forming a stable government by joining political parties with opposing political ideologies, including some that have been demanding the dissolution of the Assembly; while the experience of recent years shows that with the fractured mandate that exists in the Assembly, it is not possible to form a stable government that includes like-minded parties. The gathering of such parties into a grouping is nothing more than an attempt to gain power instead of forming a receptive government.
ii) Reports of extensive horse trade and possible exchange of money to ensure the support of legislators who belong to widely divergent political ideologies in order to form a government.
iii) Serious doubts about the longevity of any agreement of this type in which there are claims of majority in conflict.
iv) The fragile security scenario in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, where there is a need for a stable and supportive environment for security forces involved in extensive anti-militancy operations and are gradually gaining control over the situation of security.
The governor released the statement of dissolution minutes after the leader of the Popular Democratic Party (PDP) and former prime minister, Mehbooba Mufti, published a letter on Twitter announcing that it would seek to form the government with its traditional rivals, the National Conference ( NC) and Congress.
• The former head minister and president of the PDP, Mehbooba Mufti, claimed to be part of the government in the state by saying that her party, which is the largest party in the assembly with 29 MLA, had the support of 15 legislators of the National Conference and 12 of Congress.
• Previously, both NC and Congress had demanded the dissolution of the assembly to avoid the exchange of horses and the possible poaching of lawmakers in the midst of the emergence of the front led by the Solitaries.
• Mufti’s letter was followed by the letter from the head of the Popular Conference, Sajad Lone, addressed to the governor, in which he claimed to form the government with the support of the BJP, which has 25 seats and more than 18 other elected members. The Popular Conference has only two seats in the assembly.
• The majority mark required to form the government in the assembly of 87 members of the state is 44
The president’s rule to be imposed.
• The Governor’s government was imposed on the state on June 19 for a period of 6 months after the collapse of the PDP-BJP coalition government after the BJP withdrew its support.
• The state assembly remained in suspended animation so that political parties could explore the possibility of forming a new government.
• The six-month term of the Governor’s government is scheduled to end on December 18, after which the state will be placed under the President’s rule until it enters the polls.
• The state went to the polls at the end of 2014 and the mandate of the Assembly was until October 2020.
• The Governor has decided to hold elections at the right time to form a government with a clear mandate.